You should inform your pupil that there are several types of pedes¬trian crossings, namely: zebra, pelican, puffin, toucan and traffic light con¬trolled crossings. They must he capable of recognizing the fact that they are approaching a pedestrian crossing. They must be aware that a zebra crossing, will have a flashing belisha beacon located on the top of a black and white striped pole, along with a black and white striped area across the road surface, whereas at all the others, the traffic lights will have a yellow box, or in the case of a puffin crossing, two boxes attached to the poles, for use by pedestri¬ans, who will require to press a button to activate the system.
As soon as you have identified a pedestrian crossing ahead, you should im¬mediately consult the mirrors on the approach, irrespective of whether, or not the crossing is being used by pedestrians at that time. When you are ap¬proaching light controlled pedestrian crossings, where you intend to reduce speed or come to a stop, your signal to other drivers, is given by means of the rear brake lights, which gives a clear indication to following traffic, of your intentions to slow down, or stop at a crossing. When you are approaching zebra crossings, it is important that you give the slowing down arm signal, as this may be of benefit to both oncoming traffic and pedestrians, as well as following drivers.
When approaching all types of pedestrian crossings, you must do so at a suit- able speed, at which it will possible for you to slow down or stop to give way to pedestrians, should this prove necessary. This will be dependent on the zone of vision, which is available to you on your approach, in other words can you obtain a full view of the complete crossing from one side of the road to the other. No reduction in speed would normally be necessary, other than when pedestrians are using the crossing, or when the traffic lights are show¬ing amber, red, red and amber, or flashing amber. When your view to the pavement on either one, or both sides of the crossing is obscured, by either illegally parked vehicles within the area marked by the zig-zag lines, or by a queue of traffic approaching from the opposite direction, which restricts your view of the crossing, the speed of the car should he reduced by application of the footbrake, and if necessary the selection of an appropriate lower gear to match that speed..
When stopping to give precedence to pedestrians at a pedestrian crossing, you must be aware that you should stop behind the give way line at zebra cross¬ings, and behind the stop line, at all traffic light controlled crossings, or alter¬natively behind any preceding vehicle. At crossings where traffic lights are in operation, the lights must be obeyed in the usual manner, bearing in mind that you must stop if necessary to give precedence to pedestrians, irrespective of whether the lights are showing amber, red, red and amber, flashing amber, or green. You must ensure that you do not cause an obstruction to pedestrians, by stopping the car on the actual crossing area, within the area of the black and white striped markings, or between the two rows of metal studs which surround the crossing area. When approaching zebra crossings, you must give way to pedestrians once they have stepped onto the crossing. or others who may already be using the crossing. you should also show courtesy, by stopping for pedestrians who may be waiting to use the crossing, such as children, el¬derly, disabled, blind pedestrians, and in particular pedestrians who are push¬ing prams, or pushchairs, with young children..
You must be aware of the rules which apply to parking and overtaking in rela¬tion to the zig-zag lines at crossings. With the exception of normal traffic light controlled crossings, all other types of crossing have areas marked with zig¬zag lines marked out on the approach, you must never consider overtaking on the approach to crossings, on either the left or the right of other vehicles..
The correct signal which should he given to other road users when stopping at a crossing, is where necessary, the slowing down, or stopping arm signal. You must be aware of the dangers involved with attempting to beckon, or gesture to pedestrians that they may cross the road at any type of crossing..
You should be aware that it is an offence to wait, or park within the zig-zag areas on both the approach and far sides of crossings, and that it is an offence to overtake a moving vehicle which is nearest to the crossing, or to attempt to overtake the leading vehicle, which has stopped nearest to the crossing, to give way to pedestrians, within the approach area marked by the zig-zag lines..
When a zebra crossing has a central traffic island in the middle of the road, it has the effect of splitting the crossing into two halves, with both sides of the road being regarded as two separate crossings. This rule also applies at a stag¬gered light controlled pedestrian crossing, where the traffic lights will operate independently on both sides of the road. Whereas when there is a traffic island in the middle of the road at a straight light controlled crossing, even when there are additional traffic lights on the island, this type should he regarded as being one complete crossing..
You must never harass pedestrians at crossings, in any of the following ways, such as by: sounding the horn, over revving the engine. starting to edge for¬wards too soon, or gesturing to them to hurry up..
Zebra crossings can be recognised by the black and white striped poles with "belisha" beacons flashing on top of them, these are placed on both sides of the crossing, along with the distinctive black and white striped crossing area marked out on the road surface. At a zebra crossing once a pedestrian has placed one foot on the crossing, they have precedence..
The flashing amber light which only operates at a pelican crossing, indicates that pedestrians still have priority on the crossing, but it is permissible for you to proceed if the crossing is clear. When there are no pedestrians around at a pelican crossing, and the flashing amber light is operating, you should avoid any form of hesitation..
This type of crossing can be recognized on the approach, due to the fact that it will have two sensors placed on the top of the traffic light pole, additionally a red or green man will also be illuminated within a much larger yellow box, or alternatively on one of the two yellow boxes on the right hand side of the road. Puffin crossings are activated by the pedestrian pressing the button on the yel¬low box, in the same manner as other light controlled crossings, however, if the pedestrian does not wait on the tactile paving area at the crossing, the sensor will not change the lights to stop the approaching traffic. This type of crossing has an infra red detector, which senses that pedestrians either wish to use, or are still using the crossing and continues to display a red light against the motorists, until such times as the pedestrians have completely cleared the crossing area..
The toucan crossing, differs from the other light controlled crossings, in that it al¬lows both pedestrians and cyclists. to make use of the crossing. This type of cross¬ing can be recognized on the approach, due to the fact that it will have two posts with yellow boxes on both sides of the road, one box for the cyclist and the other for the pedestrian, in addition it will have a broader crossing area, in between the two rows of metal studs across the road. this is to allow room for both cyclists and pedestrians to use the crossing at the same time. Toucan crossings are activated by either the pedestrian or cyclist pressing the button on one of the two yellow boxes. in the same manner as other light controlled crossings, with the sequence in which the lights operate, being exactly the same as that at normal traffic lights..
At crossroads or junctions controlled by normal traffic lights, where pedes¬trian crossings have been incorporated, there may he two crossings to contend with. one immediately ahead, and another at the other side of the crossroads. or round the corner to your left, or right, where you must also be prepared to give way to pedestrians. In some cities traffic light controlled crossings may be located separately away from the normal traffic lights, however, these oper¬ate in exactly the same manner and sequence as normal traffic lights..